SOCIAL LEARNING EXPLANATION OF GENDER DEVELOPMENT

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: rosannaaa
  • Created on: 03-04-18 11:42
View mindmap
  • SOCIAL LEARNING EXP OF GENDER
    • The SLT draws attention to influences of environment (nurture) in shaping gender development.
      • Including significant others the child comes into contact with - role models, parents, teachers.
    • DIRECT REINFORCEMENT - children are more likely to be praised for gender appropriate behaviour
    • DIFFERENTIAL REINFORCEMENT - the ways in which boys and girls are encouraged to show distinct gender appropriate behaviour.
      • Through this, boys and girls learn their gender identity.
    • Fathers reinforce sex stereotypes more than mothers
    • INDIRECT (VICARIOUS REINFORCEMENT) - if conseqeunce of someones behaviour is favourable, more likely to be imitated by child and vice versa.
      • E.g. mother recieving compliment when wearing makeup and dress, girl is likely to imitate.
    • Identification - where a child attaches themself to someone they want to be, they possess qualities seen as rewarding.
      • These are role models and may be part of their immediate environment, usually attractive and high status.
        • From role models perspective, modelling is the precise demonstration of a behaviour that may be imitated by observer.
          • FOUR mediational processes central to the learning of gender behaviour:
            • Attention: child pays close attention to actions
              • Retention: remember actions
                • Motivation: to be like them
                  • Motor reproduction: doing it.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Gender resources »