Social Divisions in the US 1920-1945

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  • Social Division 1920 - 1945
    • Regional
      • The North
        • The North was heavily industrial and saw almost 1/3 of the workforce unemployed by 1933 during the Great Depression
        • Economic boom during the 20s due to WWI. New activities sprang up. Employment was at an all time high.
          • The car industry was booming with the Model T. Mass Production.
          • Credit provided people with the money to buy things.
      • The West
        • Lower living standards than North.
          • There was no big economic boom like there was in the North.
          • Wages were lower than the North.
          • Often lacked electricity and running water.
      • The South
        • The KKK became popular in the 20s.
        • Great Depression caused failure of crops and Dust Bowl in the 30s.
          • Many Southerners migrated to other states due to the conditions.
            • Okies often traveled to California in hopes of getting a job.
        • Lower living standards than the North due to no economic boom.
    • African-Americans
      • 1930s
        • During the Great Depression, AA were 4-6 more times likely to not have a job.
        • There was barely any relief for AA in the New Deals.
          • NRA allowed AA to be paid less than WASPS.
          • Anti-Lynching bills were defeated in Congress.
          • However, AA did get more jobs in Government and Nya.
      • 1920s
        • 1920 - KKK had 100,000 members. 1925 - KKK claimed to have over 5 million.
          • Were committed to prosecuting African-Americans, especially in the South.
            • However, saw a decline in the late 1920s due to scandal.
        • Did see an improvement in employment.
      • 1940s
        • A survey done in 1940 shows over half of employers would not employ AA.
        • March on Washington Movement.
        • Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)
          • Investigated employment discrimination
        • Jim Crow Army
          • Segregated military in WWII.
            • Many AA worked as cooks, and builders.
        • However, there was more campaigning for civil rights.
    • Women
      • 1920s
        • The Flappers were young women who went out and had fun and wore loosely fitted dresses.
          • However, in the more rural areas of the US, women tended to retain more traditional ideals.
        • There were also more women in the workplace in clerical and labourer jobs.
          • In 1920, women got the vote in the US
      • 1930s
        • The New Deals gave women better jobs in the Alphabet Agencies, some departments were specifically for women and headed by women.
          • However, some Alphabet Agencies as well as the Great Depression put women out of a job. The Women in rural areas also suffered greatly due to the Dust Bowl.
      • 1940s
        • When the US joined WWII, various propaganda depicting women in male dominated jobs started to spring up.
          • Encouraged women to work and prove they were capable of doing male dominated jobs,

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