SOCIAL CLASS IDENTITY

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  • IDENTITY
    • NATIONALITY
    • SOCIAL CLASS
      • strongly built with employment + workplace
        • thus based on= occupation + income
      • x3 main social class groups (UK): UPPER, MIDDLE + LOWER
        • UPPER
          • defined= wealth/key value= power
          • x2 subcultural groups within: traditional upper class + super rich (both make up 7% of UK society)
            • Traditional Upper Class: money made by manufacturing/inherited wealth/ ascribed status
            • The Super Rich: worked hard to achieve status (meritocracy)/media focus on them
            • MACKINTOSH + MOONEY: "social closure"/ separate themselves from rest of society/seen as invisible
            • BORDIEU: uc hold power to define knowledge + skills, thus can ensure their kids have the valued ones= place them in best condition to acquire them; eg. Eton College, Windsor
        • MIDDLE
          • defined= carrying out non-manual work
            • FOX: mc so broad= split into upper middle, middle middle + lower middle
          • LIGHT: often aspirational + value higher education/ they stand by the 'notion of deterred gratification'- importance of studying and saving when setting out career path
            • MARSHALL: most people tend to see themselves as wc, despite lifestyle
            • BORDIEU: cultural, economic, social + human capital
          • SAVAGE: noticed cultural differences between classes (eg. professionals more likely to have interest in art than manager)// The former- highly individualistic + focuses on improving living standards/ The Latter: more community orientated
            • BRAVERMAN: white-collar workers (office/ managerial) no longer subscribe to mc
        • LOWER
          • SKEGGS: wc women felt ashamed because of way people judge their class + so made efforts to be seen as 'respectable"
          • skilled, unskilled + semi-skilled workers
            • manual workers= subscribed to proletarian traditionalist identity (characteristics): live in tight0knit communities, see society 'them' and 'us', importance of extended fam, likely found in rented properties (council housing), traditional gender roles, immediate gratification (no savings)
            • CHARLES MURRAY: 'underclass'= overgenerous welare payments encourage laziness (no responisibility as looked after by state)
      • OFFE: We're able to create own identity, despite social class
    • AGE
    • DISABILITY
    • ETHNICITY
    • GENDER
    • SEXUALITY

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