Social Class & Crime

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  • Social Class & Crime
    • Introduction
      • Newburn (2007) noted that the sociology of C&D has tended to focus on the crimes of the powerless rather than those of the powerful
      • Sutherland (1983) who first sought to show crime was not only a WC thing and was widespread throughout all of society
      • Sunderland (1983) introduced the ideas of white collar and corporate crime to describe crimes committed by the more affluent in society
    • Stats on Social Class & Crime
      • Houchin (2005) found a strong relationship between living in the most deprived areas of Scotland and being in prison
        • The imprisonment rate in the most deprived areas was 4 time what it was in Scotland as a whole
      • A study of 2,171 prisoners in England & Wales (2007) found that 43% had no qualifications and only 6% had a degree
        • Also found that 36% had been unemployed and 60% had been claiming benefits
      • The Prison Reform Working Group (2002) found that in England & Wales 67% of prisoners were unemployed prior to sentencing, 32% were homeless and 27% had been brought up in care
      • Statistical evidence is not normally collected on the class of offenders, although a range of data sources suggest that most people convicted of crimes tend to be from lower social class backgrounds


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