21. Social change of WW2 and up to 1960s (Woman's civil rights in USA)

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 05-06-17 16:18
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  • Social change of WW2 and up to 1960s (Woman's civil rights in USA)
    • Less prejudice against direct participation
    • 100,000 women served in armed forces in Women's Army Corps, Navy and Women's Air Force
      • Jobs included flying and testing planes
    • Inevitable typing, sewing, cooking and nursing
    • Propaganda urged women to take over men's jobs, although clear for duration of war, not permanently
    • No parity in pay
      • in 1944, average women's salary was $31.21 a week for manufacturing work as opposed to men who earned $54.65 a week
    • More women than WW1 as taxi drivers, heavy industry workers, drivers and workers in lumber and steel mills.
    • Six million women entered workforce making them over third of labour force as war absorbed 16 million men
    • Relatively small numbers of adventurous women made considerable impact as new ventures, such as women training as pilots
    • New jobs and responsibilities
      • Demonstrated by 37,000 women being killed in accidents in ammunition factories
    • Travelled more inside and outside USA
      • Had been subject of propaganda campaigns which encouraged them to be adventurous and showed them in new roles
    • Arguably, WW2 taken social change further than WW1 even if no great symbolic change like vote
    • Reaction against change may have been greater than in period after 1918


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