social change

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  • social change from 1951-64
    • women
      • average age on marriage were 21 and 75% of all women were married
      • only 1 in 5 women worked
      • family allowance which was paid to owmen was supposed to ensure that women did not need to work
      • mortages and bank accounts were in mens name making women finincially dependent on their husbands
      • although by the end of the period there were more women working it was still low and uncommon for married women
    • teenagers
      • young people had more free time and more money
      • they were 10% of population in 1959 so were more economically imporant
      • created sub cultures: teddy boys were linked with crime and delinquency
        • they were replaced with the rockers then the mods who caught national attention with their fights
    • race and immigration
      • by 1958 about 210,000 commonwealth immigrants had settled in britain and 75% were men
      • in the 1950s uk recieved a total of 676,000 immigrants seeking permanent residence while 1.32 britains left
      • racical riots broke out in notting hill london
      • there was outright racism from host comminities and resentment against immigration
    • rising living standards
      • in 1951 our infrastructure was run down and needed modernaisation. pre war slums were cleared and new towns built.
      • mens wage was going up from 8.39 ti 15.35.
      • increase in housing and car ownership
      • food rationing eneded in 1954
      • working class mans wage grew 95%
    • the impact of affluence and comsumerism
      • surge in ownership of comsumer goods such as washing machines brought on hire pruchase
      • ITV launched in 1955- 10 million TV's in circulation by 1960
      • affluence brought new leasire opportunity: 50% of the population watched TV in the evening
      • car ownership rose by 25% in the 50s.
      • between 1957-63 1200 miles of new or upgraded main roads were completed
    • class and establishment
      • in 1951 uk was a very comformist society with an ingrained respect for authority.
      • clear class loyality especially in general elections
      • the suez crisis which exposed the government lying and manipulation and the CND encouraging  you to challange authoirty , there were signs of change
      • the establishment was a term for informal networks that connected social and political elite
        • the conservative governments were dominated by the establisment
      • the profumo affair also saw a decline in deference by the newspapers
      • also a satire boom of stage and tv shows critiziing and making fun of public figures


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