18. Social and economic impact of WW1 on Women's Civil Rights in USA

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 05-06-17 14:36
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  • Social and economic impact of WW1 on Women's Civil Rights in USA
    • Increased numbers of women employed in factories
      • Demand grew for various products in engineering, food, processing and textiles
    • Three million more women were working tan in 1865
    • Diversity of female employment increased
      • More women in heavy industry and transport
      • More women in farming
    • 30,000 women worked directly for armed forces
      • Here there was less change as work centred on extension of domestic service
        • e.g. laundry or nursing
    • Growth in government extended opportunities already developed before 1917 for clerical work
    • Appearance of women as tram and train conductors and women police officers made impression on public disproportionate to numbers and importance
    • Upwards of 20,000 women travelled overseas in support of armed forces, as members of YMCA, Red Cross and Salvation Army
    • Army did not recruit women doctors in any number
    • 358 women killed overseas and many more suffered injuries or developed serious illnesses
    • Many AA women saw change of lifestyle when they joined considerable emigration from Southern states, as Northern industries needed more labour
    • War accelerated higher levels of female employment
      • Increased women's confidence in tackling more demanding work and associated women with national cause
    • Work continued to be traditional roles
    • After war, many women did not stay in new roles in industry
      • Under pressure to give up jobs to men returning from war
    • Also, although wages rose, not equality between male and female labour
    • Little attempt to provide childcare facilities or help women who faced dual responsibilities at work and in home
    • Little suggestion women were equal to men in effort of fighting war


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