shoreline management plan

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  • SMP
    • hard engineering
      • sea wall
        • concrete or rock barrier at the foot of cliffs or beaches to reflect waves
      • groynes
        • timber or rock structure built to trap sediment being moved by long shore drift
      • rock armour
        • piles of large boulders dumped at the foot of cliffs. force waves to break waves energy dissipates
    • soft engineering
      • beach nourishmet
        • the addition of sand or shingle to a beach to make it higher
      • dune regeneration
        • marram grasses are planted on the dunes to sabalise them from waves and wind
      • marsh creation
        • low lying coastal areas or flooded and allowed to become salt marshes


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