GCSE AQA Sports Studies Skeleton and Joints

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  • Skeleton
    • Functions Of Skeleton
      • Blood Formation
      • Protection
      • Movement
      • Supportt
    • Bones
      • 206 Bones in Body
      • Long e.g. Femur
      • Short e.g. Phalanges
      • Flat e.g. Scapula
      • Irregular e.g. Vertebrae
    • Skeleton
      • Appendicular
        • Moving Parts not connected to vertebral column large amount of movement
      • Axial
        • Consists of Vertebral column and the bones connected to it: little movement
    • Vertebrae
      • 29 Vertebrae make up vertebral column
      • Top- Atlas then Axis
      • Cervial-7, Thoracic-12, Lumbar-5, Sacral-5, Coccyx-4
    • Joints
      • Fibrous
        • Fixed e.g. Skull
      • Cartilaginous
        • Slightly movable e.g. Vertebrae
      • Synovial
        • Movable e.g. most parts of body
      • Hinge e.g. Knee
      • Pivot e.g. Neck
      • Ball and Socket e.g. Hip
      • Saddle e.g. Thumb
      • Condyloid e.g. Wrist
      • Protected by articular cartilage, meniscal cartilage, ligaments and synovial fluid
      • Flexion, Extension, Abduction, Adduction, Circumductionand Rotation
      • Inflammation, Arthritis, Osteoarthritis and Lupus

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