Skeletal system

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  • Skeletal system
    • bones
      • Humerous - upper arm
      • ulna - lower arm
      • femur - thigh bone
      • phalanges - toes
      • cranium - skull
      • tibia - shin bone
      • metacarpals - hand bones
      • scapular - shoulder blade
      • tarsals - ankle bone
      • sternum - breast bone
      • maxilla - upper jaw
      • phalanges - fingers
      • ribs - rib cage
      • fibula - lower leg
      • radius - lower arm
      • vertebrae - back bone/spine
      • patella - knee cap
      • metatarsals - foot bones
      • clavicle - collar bone
      • carpals - wrist bone
      • ilium - pelvis/hip bone
      • ischium - lower/back part of hip bone
    • Vertebrae
      • C,T,L,S,C
        • 5. coccyx
          • 4.sacrum
            • 3.lumbar
              • 2. thoracic
                • 1. cervical
      • cervical - allows variety of movement in neck (7)
      • thoracic - (10/12) help raise ribcage & help with breathing
      • Lumbar - (5)
      • sacrum (5) & coccyx (4) - fused together
    • Types of bone
      • Long
        • generate movement, strength & speed. when are pulled by different muscles they enable body to move
          • phlanges
          • femur
          • ulna
          • fibula
          • fibia
          • radius
          • humerous
          • metacarpals
      • short
        • weight bearing, shock absorption & spreading the load
          • carpals
          • tarsals
      • flat
        • protect our organs and provide a good surface for muscle attachment
          • cranium
          • clavicle
          • scapula
          • ribs
          • ischium
          • ilium
          • sternum
          • patella
      • irregular
        • offer protection when playing sport
          • vertebrae
          • mandible
          • maxilla

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