Situation Ethics Overview

  • Created by: _bella_
  • Created on: 28-01-19 15:40
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  • Situation Ethics Joseph Fletcher
    • Based on Agape
      • 4 Types of love- Agape, Eros, Philos, Storge
      • It is an attitude not a feeling
    • Fletcher's understanding of the Conscience
      • The conscience isn't intuition or an innate sense within you
      • Conscience is something you DO when you make decisions
    • 4 Working principles
      • Pragmatism
        • Based on experience, not theory
          • For an action it be right it has to be practical
      • Positivism
        • Begins with the belief in love being important
          • Disagrees w/ Kant + NL as you have to start w/ a positive choice in order to do good.
      • Relativism
        • Based on making absolute laws of Christian ethics relative
          • Rules don't always apply, it depends on the sit.
      • Personalism
        • People are the center of ethics
          • Down to the individual to decide.
    • Six Fundamental Principles
      • Love decides there and then
        • You decide in the moment what is right/ wrong as there are no rules
      • Love is the only norm (rule)
        • The law should only be adhered to if its outcome is love.
      • Love + justice are the same
        • There cannot be love w/o justice
      • Love is not liking
        • Love is showing good judgement. MLK said agape was " Creative, redemptive goodwill to all men"
      • Love justifies the means
        • If an action causes harm, it's wrong. You can't claim something is right when you know the consequences cause harm
      • Love is only always good
        • Nothing else is good except for love, everything acquires its value.
    • "There are times when a man must push aside his principles and do the right thing" Fletcher
      • "An ethics to humanity come of age" Bishop John Ribinson


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