Situation Ethics

  • Created by: 09riversj
  • Created on: 17-02-20 10:33
View mindmap
  • Situation ethics
    • 6 propositions
      • Love is the ruling norm - replaces all laws
        • Jesus fulfilled the OT prophecy and replaces the Jewish law with love
          • 'Sabbath is for man not man for the Sabbath'
      • Love = justice = love distributed
        • Prevents minorities being marginalised
      • Love wills the good of the neighbour even if they are not liked
        • Jesus: 'Love your neighbour'
      • Love = goal - end justifies the means = teleological
      • Love is the only that that is intrinsically good
        • Augustine: to know a man 'you do not ask him what his believes or hopes, but what he loves'
      • Love decides on each situation as it arises without guiding laws
        • Brings people to a higher level of personal responsibility
    • 4 working principles
      • Positivism
        • Based on belief in and importance of love
          • Theological positivism - accept love then apply it
      • Personalism
        • Persons are at the centre of decision making
          • Fletcher: 'It is moral when people are used, and things are loved'
            • E.g. sweatshops
      • Relativism
        • Love replaces all Christian laws
      • Pragmatism
        • Based on experience over theory
          • Bosnian conflict women were ***** by soldiers - the RCC permitted contraception = loving response
    • Conscience
      • St Paul: 'A director of human decisions not simply a reviewer'
      • Conscience is a VERB not a noun
        • No physical conscience - a word to describe decision-making as active, effective and creative
      • Fletcher: 'As a function not a faculty'
    • Agape
      • = self-sacrifice, unconditional love
    • Helpful method of moral decision-making?
    • Does the rejection of absolute rules by SE make moral decision-making entirely individualistic and subjective?
    • Is Fletcher's understanding of agape really religious or means nothing more than wanting the best for the person involved in a given situation?
    • Can an ethical judgement on something being good, bad, right or wrong be base don whether agape is best served?


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Ethics resources »