Sino-Soviet Relations 1949-76

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Aimee
  • Created on: 13-05-13 12:52
View mindmap
  • Sino-Soviet Relations 1949-76
    • Sino-Soviet Treaty 1950
      • economic aid-$300m, tech assistance
      • military assistance v Japan + USA
      • Sovereignty over Manchuria
      • No Mongolia/aid to conquer Taiwan- provoke USA
      • china=instrument of sov power, favourable to ussr- "Moscow making puppets of out of China"
      • 1920s-49- USSR supported Nationalists
    • Korean war
      • USSR- stick to terms
      • Mao- sent mil aid when peruaded by Stalin
        • china=instrument of sov power, favourable to ussr- "Moscow making puppets of out of China"
      • asked for repayment- $1.35m
        • Mao- sent mil aid when peruaded by Stalin
      • Taiwan Straits
        • Krushchev willing to aid China w/troops
        • tensions in 1958-
        • misgivings over tactics but comm forces stick together
          • China= under nuclear umbrella
        • China= under nuclear umbrella
        • tie defence of USSR to china
      • Sino-Soviet Split
        • 1967- Ch red guards attack r.embassy in Beijing
        • Encouraged Al+R to assert greater independenc from Mosc
        • competing for influence and support of comm groups in developing world
        • USSURI river dispute 1969
          • Historical area of dispute
          • Increased other border tensions
          • Kosygin + Zhou Enlai= frosty relations
          • unresolved
          • 31 Sov killed 14 wounded
        • rapprochement
          • Strengthen against USSR- greater threat + keep security interest
            • encirclement of hostile
              • vietnam
              • conflict with Taiwan
              • S.Korea + Japan
              • tension with India
          • encirclement of hostile
            • vietnam
            • conflict with Taiwan
            • S.Korea + Japan
            • tension with India
          • Ideological clashes
            • bureacracy= too much power. Soc.Imp Cultural Rev ('66) to stop this
        • Ideological differences
          • Reconciliation with Tito=ideological revisionism
          • Peaceful coexistence seen as weakness against capitalism- made worse by K visit '59
            • Austrian State Treaty +Geneva summit meeting
          • Secret Speech and Destalinisation =offended Mao
          • Hungary- failure to curb reactionaries Cuba- giving into capitalism
            • Peaceful coexistence seen as weakness against capitalism- made worse by K visit '59
              • Austrian State Treaty +Geneva summit meeting
          • K critical of Great Leap Forward(58)- aid limited + underminign Mao
        • National Security
          • Territorial disputes
            • Mongolia- refused chinese influence, clashes on border
            • Damansky
              • USSURI river dispute 1969
                • Historical area of dispute
                • Increased other border tensions
                • Kosygin + Zhou Enlai= frosty relations
                • unresolved
                • 31 Sov killed 14 wounded
              • not returning land promised= Tsarist/imperialism- escalated
          • National Security
            • Partial  Test Ban Treaty 1963- renounced aiding nuclear weapons development
              • 1964-developed A-bomb=fear of nuclear war
                • Territorial disputes
                  • Mongolia- refused chinese influence, clashes on border
                  • Damansky
                    • not returning land promised= Tsarist/imperialism- escalated
            • A-bomb programme '55- experts withdrawn '59after Quemoy bombed+ cultural rev
              • Partial  Test Ban Treaty 1963- renounced aiding nuclear weapons development
                • 1964-developed A-bomb=fear of nuclear war
              • Sino-Indian War 1962- USSR supply enemies w\MIGs and U2 fly over to find A-bomb
              • Vietnam
                • struggle to win Vietcong to each side. USSR sign friendship treaty
                  • china--cambodia
                    • V invade Cam 1978
                  • V invade Cam 1978
            • Sphere of Influence
              • National Security
                • A-bomb programme '55- experts withdrawn '59after Quemoy bombed+ cultural rev
                  • Sino-Indian War 1962- USSR supply enemies w\MIGs and U2 fly over to find A-bomb
                  • Vietnam
                    • struggle to win Vietcong to each side. USSR sign friendship treaty
                      • china--cambodia
                  • Taiwan, Quemoy- not supported by USSR
                  • Korean war- charged for aid
                  • comprting for influence in dev.world
                • Brezhnev Doctrine 1968
                  • feared it could be used against China
                  • Czechoslovakia invaded- message of power?
                    • feared it could be used against China
            • Sino-US Relations
              • US motives
                • Vietnam: Pressure for efforts to end war
                • reduce commitments in Asia but keep it stable +bases
                • pressure on USSR to discuss arms limitations
                • China= have ICBMs
                • economic pressure + savings
                  • reduce commitments in Asia but keep it stable +bases
                • US  could gain concessions from both
              • China's motives
                • Geopolitical- threats to security- tension encircled them
                • split with sov-didnt want 2 enemies = reducing tension essential
                • trying to make gains: un, Taiwan Vietnam
                • sov revisionism= greater threat?
                • Playing enemies off against each other to defeat both?
                • visits to Yugoslavia and Romania- pressured USSR to reduce ch influence
                • Triangular diplomacy= recognition of status(seat on un security council), balance of sov power, access to w.tech+$
          • Sphere of Influence
            • Taiwan, Quemoy- not supported by USSR
            • Korean war- charged for aid
            • comprting for influence in dev.world
          • 1961- Albanian Dispute

          Comments

          No comments have yet been made

          Similar History resources:

          See all History resources »See all resources »