Supplementary Vote 

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Supplementary Vote
    • Workings
      • 1) There are two columns on the ballot paper for 1st and 2nd choice (voters Mark an 'X' next to their first choice candidate in the first column etc.)
        • Voter's first preferences are counted and if they have 50% or more of the votes they win.
          • If a candidate doesn't have 50% of the votes when the first preferences are counted, all but the top two candidates are eliminated. The second preferences of those candidates are then counted, and added to the totals of the top two.
            • In the 2016 London Mayoral Elections, Sadiq Khan won by 56.8% after second preference votes were counted.
            • Unlike AV - the candidate does not need above 50% of the votes on the second preference count up - only more than their competition.
            • Sadiq Khan had 65.5% of second preference votes when counted. He had 44.2% of first preference votes.
    • Strengths
      • Simple to understand
      • Less wasted votes - voter is given more power as both their first and second preferences may count.
        • The system can lead to a lot of wasted votes as many of the votes cast in the first round end up not transferring and being counted in the second round
      • Encourages tactical campaigning
        • Sadiq Khan's 2016 campaign was also aimed at Tories rather than just Labour supporters - this ensured his victory after second preference votes were counted as would have been many people's second choice.
    • Weaknesses
      • Does not eliminate the likeliness of tactical voting
      • Does NOT ensure the winning candidate has the support of at least 50% of the electorate. (due to second preferences)
        • Sadiq Khan only had 44.2% of first preference votes in 2016 election
      • Promotes only candidates from the 3 main parties having a good chance of success.
    • Outline
      • Used for London Mayoral Elections
      • In 2012 it was employed for the first time to elect Police Commissioners in England and Wales.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all UK electoral systems resources »