Sikhism summary

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  • Sikhism
    • 5 K's (all begin with K in Punjabi)
      • kara- steel bangle
      • kesh- uncut hair
      • kangha- a comb
      • kaacha- undershorts
      • kirpan- short sword
      • some Sikhs (especially men) also wear a turban
    • Sikh symbol- Khanda. consists of three different types of weapons
      • khanda- double edged sword in the centre
      • chakkar- round throwing weapon
      • kirpans- two single-edged swords, crossed either side of the other weapons
    • the three duties/ pillars
      • Pray (Nam japna): keep God in mind at all times
      • Work (Kirt Karna): earn an honest living/ avoid crime and dishonesty
      • Give (Vand Chhakna): literally sharing one's earnings with others, giving to charity and caring for others
    • Beliefs about God
      • most common name, Waheguru (wondrous enlightener)
      • One God, who created everything
      • Waheguru must remain in mind at all times
      • revealed by the grace of the Guru, can be known through understandingwhat the ten gurus contributed to Sikhism
        • Forbidden to worship images of Waheguru, but images of the ten gurus can be found in gurdwaras
    • Waheguru's nature is expressed in the Mool Mantra
      • Sikh statement of belief
      • basis of religion + key beliefs about Waheguru
      • opening lines the Guru Granth Sahib
        • Guru Granth Sahib is the word of the Waheguru so is infallible
      • first line of it: 'Ik Onkar'- oneness of God and oneness of humanity
        • symbol is often in the homes/minds of Sikhs and can help Sikhs to focus on Waheguru when praying and meditating
    • personal regulations
      • meditate by reciting Gurbani and singing Kirtan
      • wash mind clean with Sewa- selfless community service by doing manual work
      • practice truth at all times
      • be kind and merciful to others
      • become a Gurmukh by doing good deeds


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