Sigmund Freud

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  • Sigmund Freud Biological Psychology
    • Background
      • Freud was on of the most influential Psychologists of all time!
        • Freud's Lexicon/Vocabulary is now used in everyday life- such as: anal, denial, repression and neurotic
      • Sigmund believed that when we explain ourselves to each-other we rarely tell the truth but we're not intentionally lying.
    • Talking Cure
      • The Talking method helps people with mental illness
      • He wanted people to talk freely! (The couch method)
      • He found it helpful for people to talk about what's on their mind
    • The Unconscious Mind
      • Topographical model of the mind
      • He used an analogy of an iceberg to describe the three levels of the mind
      • On the surface is the conciousness which consists of the thoughts that we focus on now
        • The preconscious consists of what we can retrieve from our memory
          • The third layer is our unconscious. This part is used the most but is also the most important
        • Some thoughts that we find difficult to talk about have been repressed and lie in our "cauldron" (unconscious)
    • The Psyche
      • Developed a more structural model of the mind comprising the entities
        • ID- instincts, ego-reality, superego-morality
          • The ego develops from the ID during infancy, the superego develops during early childhood
            • The superego can make us feel guilty and gives us socially acceptable instincts
    • Defence mechanisms
      • Repression, denial, projection, displacement, regression, sublimation


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