Sidewalk Blues (1926) By Jelly Roll Morton

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  • Sidewalk Blues (1926) by Jelly Roll Morton
    • Rhythm and Metre
      • 4/4 Time signature
      • Rhythms in Swing/Shuffle Style
      • Syncopation
      • Staccato chords from rest of band - 2nd and 4th beats
    • Structure and Form
      • 8 bar intro with Jazz breaks - lead to Sec. A
      • Chrous 1 - 12 bar blues, trumpet lead, use of syncopation
      • Chrous 2 - Ensemble polyphony over 12 bar blues structure but with diff. melody and harmony
      • Cadences played by the bass in bars 11+12 in A + B sections
      • Chrous 3 - Clarinet Solo over staccato chords on 2nd + 4th beats
      • Transition of 4 bars with modulation from Ab - Db
      • Second half - now Subdom. with 2bar song form in 8 bar phrases giving piece a slow rag
      • More lyrical in nature with longer sustained notes
    • Harmony
      • 12 bar blues
      • Changes to standard blues chord progression bass moving stepwise
        • Eb-D-C
      • Half way through bar 7 to lead to C major chord in bar 8 = acts as secondary dom
      • To chord II (F minor) at start of final phrase
      • I I I I - IV IV I VI (MAJ) - II V I I
    • Instrumentation
      • Trumpet - Lead instrument with many impro accomp and solo melodies
      • Piano - 1 bar count to cue start of piece + syncopated rhythms
      • Trombone - Front line instrument. Provides diff. sounding melodies by using portamentos and wawa
      • Clarinet - Front line which accompanies
      • Double Bass - Pizz arpeggios throughout. Underpins other instruments to keep rhythm
      • Drum Kit - Appear for transitions and start of sections

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