Side Taking

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  • Created by: Isabelle
  • Created on: 02-01-16 10:56
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  • Side Taking
    • Social/ Economic
      • In North Devon, common people were for Parliament and the gentry were for the King.
      • In Wiltshire, Somerset and Dorset, the arable religions were Royalist and the wood/pasture areas/cloth industry were Parliamentary.
      • In Wiltshire, economic change led to lack of restriction and Puritanism encouraged individuality (P).
      • The greatest part of tradesmen and freeholders were for Parliament.
      • Common people blamed the crown for the economic problems.
      • There was no clear rise or fall in income for the gentry.
      • Those who have made detailed studies have found no evidence that the way MPs divided was dependent on wealth.
      • All the nobility/gentry were generally for the KIng.
      • Earl of Derby - K.  Earl of Northumberland - P.  Earl of Essex  - P.
    • Political
      • Charles didn't accept the constitutional legislation of 1641.
      • The actions of Parliament in the first 10 months of the Long Parliament restored the old order, any more change would be too much.
      • Some feared Parliamentary absolutism.
      • Each side used politics as propaganda. They proposed that the constitution would change if the opposing side wom.
    • Religious
      • 50% of the puritan Yorkshire gentry were for Parliament. 10% for the King.
      • King used that Bishops were under threat.
      • In Dudley where workers were largely Catholic they were for the King.
      • P used the Irish rebellion in their Propaganda saying that if the King won, it would lead to Catholicism
      • Puritans adhered to Parliament.
      • The fear of Catholicism drove many to side with Parliament.
      • The Humble petition of advice had 15,000 signatures in London wanting to remove bishops. Applies to local factors.
      • In the Lords only Brooke, Saye and Warwick were Puritan nobles.
      • In the Commons, the Parliamentarians, were in favour of religious reform
    • Neutral
      • Neutrality pacts have been found in 22 English counties and many towns, for example, Cheshire in Aug 1642. (Active neutralism)
      • Nov 1642 - Staffordshire in a meeting of JPs committed themselves to the  demilitarisation of the county.
      • The peace petitions of summer/autumn 1642 and winter of 1642-3 reflect a desire to maintain peace.
      • Many people just wanted things to stay the same. (e.g. Crypto-Royalist Sir John Hotham)
    • Local
      • Both Royalist and Parliamentary commitment existed in all parts of the country in 1642.
      • IN the North, West and Wales where tradition was strong, they supported the King.
      • In the South and East, where they were more advanced economically, they supported Parliament.
        • IN the North, West and Wales where tradition was strong, they supported the King.
      • In Kent there was a petition in favour of bishops and in the end they supported Parliament.
      • In Leicestershire, they concentrated on local rivalries of two local groups (The Greys and the Hastings).
      • IN Hertfordshire, the gentry was royalist but Sir Robert Harley who was Puritan supported Parliament.
      • The only place that was wholly to one side was Wales. This was due to their national identity. Parliament was seen to only represent the English
      • Essex was known for Puritanism but many people wanted compromise with the King..
      • Verney - Supported the King due to a belief in the divine Right but his brother supported Parliament.
      • Feuds in Chester over alderman Radcliffe and a Bishop over the brew-house. Also between Derby (royalist) and Brereton (Parliamentaryleader) over Brereton's netting of wild fowl.


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