Short term causes of the English Civil War

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  • Created by: DiddyKohn
  • Created on: 08-05-14 17:05
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  • The short term causes of the English Civil War.
    • Religious problems
      • Some people were suspicious of catholics but they had a catholic queen
      • In 1629, Charles appointed William Laud to be the archbishop of Canterbury
      • Laud and Charles made changes to the Church of England e.g Stained glass windows and more decorations. oops. many people did not like this.
    • Scottish Crisis
      • The scots didn't like the English prayer book. It was too catholic for them!
      • Charles forced the english prayer book on them, but they still declined!
        • The scots didn't like the English prayer book. It was too catholic for them!
      • Charles needed an army to fight the scots with. He made 'Coat and Conduct money', yet another tax!
      • Because of Coat and conduct money, there was a taxpayers strike, and Charles needed parliament back.
        • Charles needed an army to fight the scots with. He made 'Coat and Conduct money', yet another tax!
    • The Long Parliament demands reformation
      • The scots defeated Charles in 1640. Charles then needed parliamemt to get money for the scots' compensation
      • That became the second longest parliament. Parliament stopped Charles from dissolving them.
        • The scots defeated Charles in 1640. Charles then needed parliamemt to get money for the scots' compensation
      • Parliament also got rid of the unpopular Ministers, Laud and Strafford. Ship money was not allowed and the court of the star chamber was also gotten rid of.
      • Monopolies were not sold and Parliament executed Strafford.
    • Grand Remonstrance
      • Made by sir John Pym. He gave it to Parliament
      • It was to limit the powers of the king.
      • Bishops were to leave the house of lords
      • Parliament were to appoint the king's ministers
      • Parliament were to control the army
      • 159 in favour, 148 against
    • Irish Rebellion
      • In September 1641 there was a Catholic rebellion in Ireland
      • Therefore, Charles needed an army. Traditionally, the king lead the army into war. HOWEVER...
      • Parliament would not let Charles lead the army- what if he used it against Parliament?
      • They didn't give Charles an army.
    • Attempted arrest of 5 MPs
      • Charles was very angry at Pym for making the grand remonstrance, so tried to arrest Pym and Pym's supporters.
      • When Charles reached the house of commons, Pym had already fled down the Thames.
      • In doing this, He broke the fundamental law saying that MP's had freedom of speech

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