Sheet 8 mock revision- JW

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  • Sheet 8 revision
    • How would behaviourists say phobias are treated
      • Counter conditioning
      • Build a hierarchy
      • Relaxation techniques
        • Applied to the most feared situations through direct or indirect exposure
      • Do the hierarchy
        • In vivo or in vitro
      • Extinction
    • Evaluation of how behaviourists would say phobias are treated
      • Practical application, systematic desensitisation/flooding to counter condition phobia
      • Only considers nurture as the important side of the debate. Not a full understanding of interactionsim
      • Experiment conducted on animals, can't extrapolate results to humans
      • Environmentally determinist
        • Can make clear predictions e.g little Albert
        • Lacks an understanding of an intractionist approach as to how phobias develop
    • Why is qualitative data better than quantitative data
      • Qual= depth and helps to understand the full implications of the results Quan= broad general points of research
    • What is statistical infrequency. Give a strength and a weakness
      • A behaviour is seen as abnormal if it is statistically infrequent
      • A useful overview, objective
      • Inflexible, no consideration of cultural differences, abnormal behaviours can occur frequently
    • What is standard deviation and what does it tell you about your results. Why is it better than the range
      • Scores around the mean of distribution
        • how much a measure of scores is dispersed around the average of variability
      • the range can be influenced by abnormalities, unlike standard deviation which allows for inferences to be made
    • What is matched pairs
      • An effort is made to match participants based on important characteristics
        • Age
        • Gender
        • IQ
        • All can affect performance
        • One member of each matched pair must be randomly assigned to the experimental or control group
    • How would words in a list be standardised in an experiment
      • word length the same
      • number of words the same
      • same paper
      • same print
      • same complexity of words
    • What is the difference between an overt and a covert observation
      • overt is where the participants know they're being observed
      • covert is where the participants dont know they're being observed


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