Sheet 6 mock revision- JW

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  • Sheet 6 mock revision
    • describe the biological approach
      • heredity
        • genes and evolution
      • neurochemistry to affect behaviour
        • hormones/ neurotransmitters
          • OCD, SERT COMT, serotonin, dopamine
      • neuroanatomy to explain behaviour
        • structure of the brain
          • OCD, prefrontal cortex, basal ganglia, thalamus
      • evolutionary theory
      • Slater and Shields
        • concordance, 47% MZ and 18% DZ twins, 1.2% general population
    • evaluate the biological approach
      • uses reliable scientific methods which are largely objective e.g brain scans, measuring biochemical levels
      • Real world application, understanding biochemical processes has allowed for the development of psychoactive drugs wich treat serious illnesses such as depression
      • reductionistic the explanations are too simplistic to do the complexity of human behaviour justice. Lacks an understanding of interactionim.
        • law of parsimony argues that the most simplistic explanations are more likely to be accurate
      • determinist, can predict behvaiour e.g SERT and COMT genes= more likely to have OCD
        • however, it sees behaviour as governed by internal processes which we have no control over. This is untrue, we have control over our behaviour
    • outline the process of flooding
      • most extreme behavioural therapy
      • 1.exposed to the most frightening situation immediately
      • 2.unable to negatively reinforce the phobia, continuous exposure, anxiety levels should decrease
      • in vivo or in vitro
        • taught relaxation techniques which are applied to the situation
    • what is deviation from mental health
      • when a person is not in line with key characteristics which represent how your mental health should be
      • what are Jahoda's 6 features of ideal mental health
        • have a positive view of yourself
        • be capable of some personal growth
        • being independent and self regulating
        • having an accurate view of reality
        • being resistant to stress
          • being able to adapt from your environment
    • name 4 key points of the development of psychology as a science
      • Wundt- introspection
      • cognitive neuroscience- Eleanor Maguire
      • SLT- Bandura
      • cognitive- Ellis, Beck
    • an advantage of independent groups design
      • no order effects
        • participants are only exposed to one condition
      • unlike repeated measures where the participants go through all the conditions
    • difference between primary and secondry data
      • p= collected for the purpose of the study
      • s= not collected for the purpose of the study
    • explain two behavioural features of phobias
      • avoidance, if the person is presented with the feared stimulus their immidiate reaction is to avoid it
      • panic, the phobia causes high levels or stress and anxiety. If fear is extremely intense "fight or flight" will be activated

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