Sharpeville.

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 24-05-13 15:37
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  • Sharpleville.
    • When?
      • 21st March 1960/
    • The plan.
      • The PAC said they were going to hold a march where everyone would leave their pass books at home and go to the police station to tell them. The idea was the police couldn't arrest everyone on the march.
    • Where?
      • Sharpeville.
    • Who?
      • Lead by Sobukwe, PAC.
      • Black residents of Sharpeville.
    • Why?
      • Both the ANC and PAC decided to protest against the Pass Laws.
    • What happened.
      • 8:00am -  A crowed gathered outside the police station and demanded to be arrested. The police said they would arrest them later, and left them waiting.
      • 10:00am - An aircraft flew over to scare the crowed off, however they remained there.
      • Later that day- An estimated 69 people died, and 160 injured. It is known that Lieutenant-Colonel Pienaar arrived at 1:15pm along with 75 police officers. Pienaar told them to load 5 round.It is not known what happened for sure after this as there are many versions of events.
        • 1) Some people say that the police opened fire on the crowed after orders from Pienaar to do so, and that the crowed were peaceful.
        • 3) Other people (mainly police) claim the crowed were throwing rocks and were aggressive, so the police opened fire in defence.
    • Significance.
      • lacks realised they couldn't fight apartheid without violence. Mandela persuaded the ANC to use violence.
      • Was the start of the end of peaceful protests.
    • Government Reaction.
      • Many members of the ANC turned to violence.
      • They tried to justify what happened instead of apologising for the deaths and injuries caused.
      • The government declared a state of emergency.
  • Why?
    • Both the ANC and PAC decided to protest against the Pass Laws.
  • 8:00am -  A crowed gathered outside the police station and demanded to be arrested. The police said they would arrest them later, and left them waiting.

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