Shaping of US foreign policy (1890-1917)

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  • Shaping US foreign policy (1890-1917)
  • Open Door policy-China trade benefits. USA access to materials and market.
    • Encouraged Imperialism.
    • ECONOMY
      • 1870-80's huge economic boom, fall in depression 1893. USA needed oversea outlets; new markets and materials available.
        • Encouraged Imperialism.
      • Shaping US foreign policy (1890-1917)
  • Lent money to Britain + Germany during WWI. 'merchants of death.'
    • ECONOMY
      • 1870-80's huge economic boom, fall in depression 1893. USA needed oversea outlets; new markets and materials available.
    • Panama Canal, shipping and trading cheaper +easier
      • Feared domestic market would become saturated.
      • Lent money to Britain + Germany during WWI. 'merchants of death.'
      • Encouraged other countries to be involved with USA.
        • Dollar Diplomacy, US financial power to secure economic domination. (Latin America + China).
        • Bankers  sent to Nicaragua 1912, worried about mining interests diminishing the economy.
          • Dollar Diplomacy, US financial power to secure economic domination. (Latin America + China).
          • PRESIDENTS
            • Roosevelt, imperialist view.
              • Believed USA had to be prepared to fight to stay powerful.
          • Roosevelt, imperialist view.
            • Believed USA had to be prepared to fight to stay powerful.
          • PUBLIC OPINION
            • Sinking of Lusitania, decreased public opinion towards Germany.
              • Belgium invasion of 1914 also made US anti-German.
              • PUBLIC OPINION
              • RELIGIOUS/ IDEOLOGICAL REASONS
                • 'Christianise' other countries.
                  • RELIGIOUS/ IDEOLOGICAL REASONS
                  • Manifest Destiny.
                    • Old fashioned values to spread across Western America, some saw it as their duty to expand this policy through other countries.
                      • Manifest Destiny.
                      • Russian revolution, abdication of Tsar.
                        • EXTERNAL
                          • Zimmerman telegram.
                      • Can now join the allies and fight for democracy.
                        • Russian revolution, abdication of Tsar.
                          • EXTERNAL
                            • Zimmerman telegram.
                      • Showed Germany's potential alliance with Mexico, which would be a threat to the US.
                        • Made the public want to join the war.
                          • Showed Germany's potential alliance with Mexico, which would be a threat to the US.

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