Shanghai

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  • Shanghai
    • Sits on Yangtze River Delta
    • On China's eastern coast
    • Current population = over 23 million
    • 2010 census - growth rate of 37.53%
    • Why urbanisation is occurring - push factors
      • Demand for resources
      • Environmental degredation and pollution
      • Increase in crime and security failures
      • Poverty
    • Why urbanisation is occurring - pull factors
      • Employment
      • Education
      • Business opportunities
      • Higher standard of living
    • Floating population
      • Resulted in housing shortages and overcrowding
    • Low capacity road system struggling to cope
      • 9 million bicycles
      • 1 million cars
      • AIms: Reduced congestion and improved air quality
    • Brown agenda - less that 60% of waste and storm water and 40% of sewage flows intercepted
      • 30,000 tonnes of building waste per day
      • Remarkable progress made in pollution control - almost all houses have access to piped water, electricity and waste disposal
    • Achieved a  per capita GDP of over $4000

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