A2 AQA Sexual Behaviour and Human Relationships

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  • Sexual Behaviour and Human Relationships
    • Religion and Love
      • Erotic Love
        • Can be seen as a negative
          • Buddhism
            • Can be an obstacle to Enlightenment as it encourages attachment
          • In the Ancient world  it was sometimes seen as a dangerous focus on the physical body rather than intellectual or unconditional love
      • Philial Love
        • Brotherhood or sisterhood
        • Community love
          • United people in a group
            • Dangerous though as it can lead to clan identity and inter-group conflict
              • Love which prefers those "like me"
                • Not inclusive like Agape or Advesa
                • Assumes reciprocity from others in that group
          • groups of same people (religious, ethnic, cultural
            • United people in a group
              • Dangerous though as it can lead to clan identity and inter-group conflict
                • Love which prefers those "like me"
                  • Not inclusive like Agape or Advesa
                  • Assumes reciprocity from others in that group
        • Friendship
      • Compassionate Love
        • Empathetic and sensitive
          • Looks after someone
            • eg. Parent and Child
            • Can extend to others (strangers)
              • Characterised by thoughtfulness that sees when others are in need
        • In Hinduism it is "karuna"
      • Divine/Holy Love
        • Christianity
          • God is love
            • Old Testament: Deuteronomy 6:5
              • Love the Lord thy God with all thine heart
    • Sex and Relationships
      • Lots of issues covered
        • Sex
        • Gender
        • Gender orientation
        • Attitudes and Values towards reproduction
        • Sexual pleasure
        • Commitment
        • Religion sometimes viewed as outdated in Secular societes
          • Patriarchal
            • Some argue that patriarchal attitudes have distorted genuine religious teachings
          • Biologically ignorant
            • Women seen solely as mothers even though they can only reproduce for half their lives
          • Rarely equal status depicted in marriage
        • Secular society also blamed for objectifying women for sexual pleasure
          • Change needed in both?
            • Religion sometimes viewed as outdated in Secular societes
              • Patriarchal
                • Some argue that patriarchal attitudes have distorted genuine religious teachings
              • Biologically ignorant
                • Women seen solely as mothers even though they can only reproduce for half their lives
              • Rarely equal status depicted in marriage
  • Love the Lord thy God with all thine heart
  • They believe sex obstructs the  soul's progress of escaping the body
    • Because this obstructs the soul, it is NOT holy
      • Division between physical and spiritual
        • Dualism
      • Stoics disapprove because of the sense of the loss of control
        • Animal instinct/nature involved in sexual excitement and orgasm
  • SEX IS BAD
    • Pythagoras believed humans should abstain from sex and be contemplative
      • Pythagoreans believe the soul is trapped in the body
        • They believe sex obstructs the  soul's progress of escaping the body
          • Because this obstructs the soul, it is NOT holy
            • Division between physical and spiritual
              • Dualism
            • Stoics disapprove because of the sense of the loss of control
              • Animal instinct/nature involved in sexual excitement and orgasm

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