Sex role stereotypes

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  • Sexrole stereotypes
    • SEX
      • biological status
      • chromosome, XY male    ** female
      • reproductive organs: ovaries and testes
      • hormones: oestrogen and testosterone
      • innate/ genetic
      • fact, cannot be changed without surgery
    • GENDER
      • psychosocial concept
      • masculine or feminine
      • influenced by social norms and culture
      • partly environment determined
      • fluid, open to change
      • the expectations and perceptions that individuals and society have as to what is appropriate behaviour for each sex
        • how stereotypes develop, e.g women being more nurturing
      • results in a justification for discrimination practices on the basis of sex
        • e.g denying a woman well paid but potentially stressful work in the fear they won't be able to manage
      • expectations are reinforced through society and family
      • some gender differences are proven by scientific methods, not just nurture
        • Ingalhalikar et al (2014)  found females are better at multitasking and men are better at single complex tasks
        • much support for social construct of sex role stereotypes
          • Rubin et al found parents stereotype their children from a very early age despite no stereotypical behaviour being shown
        • Even though there is research support, an interactionist pov is more useful
      • research support
        • Furnham and Farragher (2000) researched TV adverts and found that men were more likely to be shown in a professional context, women in familial roles
      • real life evidence
        • Sood et al (2014) reported only 12% of primary school teachers are male since they're perceived to be intimidating
        • difficult to challenge because they're seen as typical behaviour and natural. This perception makes them harder to break down


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