Sex Role Stereotypes

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  • Sex Role Stereotypes
    • Key Terms
      • Gender
        • Socially created, based on behaviours someone displays - masculine / feminine
      • Sex
        • Biologically determined - male / female
      • Gender Ideologies
        • What is considered to be masculine or feminine
        • Has changed over time - e.g. men are no longer the breadwinners
      • Gender Identity
        • An individual's perception of their own masculinity or femininity
      • Gender Role
        • Masculine / feminine behaviours an individual displays
      • Sex Role Stereotyping
        • Treating males & females differently based on a set of expectations for that sex
    • Evidence
      • Seavey et al
        • Told 1 in 3 adult participants that a baby in a yellow jumpsuit was either a boy, girl or didn't specify the sex of the baby.
          • Adults left to play with the baby in a room with a ball, doll & a plastic ring.
            • All adults gave the baby the doll if they believed it was a girl & gave the non-stereotypical toy (ring) if they believed the baby was a boy.
              • Females handled the baby more when the gender was unknown
                • Suggests male & female adults react differently to babies according to what they believe the babies gender to be
      • Urberg
        • Told children aged between 3-7 stories that stressed sex-role stereotypical characteristics, but didn't mention the gender of the child in the story
          • After each story, the child had to specify whether the characteristic was male, female or neither
            • Responses favoured stereotypes
              • Imply children learn sex-role stereotypes & changes over time
            • At around 5, children attributed favourable characteristics to their own gender & unfavourable to the opposite sex
              • Imply children learn sex-role stereotypes & changes over time
            • Older children saw characteristics as neither


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