Settlers

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  • Settlers
    • The Pioneers
      • Why leave the East?
        • No jobs in the east
        • Over population
        • Poverty and disease
      • Why move West?
        • Cheap land
        • Jobs available on the rail roads
        • Fertile land
      • Oregon and California routes taken by Pioneers in Wagons
    • Homesteaders
      • 1862 Homestead act
        • Gave people 160 acres of free land to anyone who settled for 5 years
        • Freed slaves and ex-army soldiers moved after the civil war looking for a fresh start
      • Problems faced
        • No trees to build houses
          • windpumps/mills
        • Lack of water
          • built sod houses
        • Drought in summer
          • dry farming methods developed
    • Mormons
      • Development
        • Founded in 1830 by Joseph Smith
          • Visited by the Angel Moroni
          • Translated golden plates and wrote the book of Mormon
      • Unpopular
        • Practised polygamy
        • Bank of Mormon collapsed losing peoples money
        • Believed they were Christs chosen people
      • Movement
        • From Kirtland
          • To Missouri
            • To Nauvoo
              • Joseph Smith killed in prison
                • Brigham young took over
                  • Moved to Salt Lake
                    • Prepared all winter
                    • Problems faced
                      • Little water
                        • developed irrigation systems
                      • No trees
                        • houses built with mud bricks
                      • Not enough people
                        • Perpetual Emigration Fund

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