Settlement

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  • Settlement
    • Push and pull factors.
      • Push factors
        • War/natural disaster.These people are called refugees.
      • Pull factors
        • Better work. These people are called economic migrants.
        • Some people move for political reasons as law puts their lives at risk. These are called asylum seekers
    • Crossing borders
      • It has become easier to migrate via planes, trains and ships.
      • International borders and law stops immigration.
      • Migration risk
        • Migrants who try to flee from desperately poor countries to richer countries but this does not give them permission.
        • Many people have died in sea crossing.
    • Urbanisation
      • Causes
        • Looking for a better life.
        • Where they used to live was dangerous.
      • Consequences
        • Shanty towns.
          • Most of the poorer people have built their homes
          • Do not have basic amenities.
          • High in crime
          • Spread of disease.
      • Benefits
        • Cheap labour
        • Builds the economy.
    • Counterurbanisation
      • Why?
        • Low crime rates
        • Scenery
        • Better schools
      • Causes higher demands in housing
      • Divide between newcomers and locals
    • Migrants
      • Emigration issues
        • Most people who emigrate are highly trained and educated.
          • This means they are taking this out of that country and to a new one.
        • Affects the population structure to have more elderly.
      • Benefits
        • Immigrants do jobs that people in the home country dont want to do.
        • Helps the economy in the country
      • Immigration Issues
        • Competition for jobs and school places.
  • Managing urbanisation
    • Stop people moving to the city
    • Make life better in the country
    • Urbanisation
      • Causes
        • Looking for a better life.
        • Where they used to live was dangerous.
      • Consequences
        • Shanty towns.
          • Most of the poorer people have built their homes
          • Do not have basic amenities.
          • High in crime
          • Spread of disease.
      • Benefits
        • Cheap labour
        • Builds the economy.

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