Sentencing

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Sentencing
    • Aims
      • Retribution
        • Based  on proportionality
        • Element of denunciation
        • Punishment for wrong doing
      • Protection of society
        • Prevents the offender reoffending
        • Curfews and custodial sentences
      • Reparation
        • Considers victim
        • Make amends
      • Reform and rehabilitation
        • Looks to the future of the defendant
        • Aim to stop reoffending
        • Community orders > custodial sentences
      • Deterrence
        • Individual
          • Put particular offender off of re-offending
          • Severe sentence/fine/threat of imprisonment
        • General
          • Put society off of committing crimes
          • Not concerned with fairness
    • Factors taken into account
      • Aggravating factors
        • Premeditation
        • Vulnerable victim
        • Abuse of position of trust
      • Mitigating factors
        • First time offender
        • Age of offender
      • Early guilty plea
      • Seriousness of the crime
      • Sentencing guidelines
    • Adults- s.142
      • Custodial- CJA 2003 / Crime and Disorder Act 1998
        • Mandatory life
          • Murder
          • 15 years to whole life
          • Tariff - CJA 2003
        • Discretionary life
          • Serious offences; rap, burglary etc
          • Judge can impose lesser sentence if appropriate
        • Fixed-term
          • Automatic release after half of sentence is served
          • Must be 21+
        • Home detention curfew
          • Early release from prison on a curfew
        • Indeterminate sentence
          • Serious offenders for public protection
        • Extended sentences
          • Custodial sentence up to the maximum for the crime plus extension period on licence
        • Suspended sentence
          • 28-51 weeks suspended for up to 2 years
          • Only served if offender reoffends
      • Community
        • Unpaid work requirement
        • Supervision requirement
        • Drug treatment and testing requirement
        • Curfew requirement
      • Fines
        • Unlimited in Crown Court
        • Up to £5000 in Magistrates' Court
      • Absolute /Conditional discharge
      • Disqualified from driving
    • Young- s.142 (a)
      • Custodial
        • Detention at Her Majesty's Pleasure
          • 10-17 years old
        • Indeterminate
          • Judge will recommend a minimum term
        • Young Offender's Institutions
          • 18-20
          • Transferred to prison after 20
          • From 21 days up to maximum for offence
      • Community
        • Activity requirement
        • Supervision requirement
        • Unpaid work (16+)
        • Education requirement
        • Drug testing requirement
      • Fines
        • 10-13 £250
        • 14-17 £1000
        • 18+ adult
      • Discharge
      • Reprimand
      • Warning

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Law resources:

See all Law resources »See all The Criminal courts and lay people resources »