Evidence-Based - Seminar 1 (Physical Activity)

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  • Seminar 1 - Physical Activity
    • Exercise is physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive for the purpose of conditioning any part of the body. Exercise is used to improve health, maintain fitness and is important as a means of physical rehabilitation.
    • NHS Guidelines
      • 5-18 year olds should exercise 60 minutes everyday.
      • 19-64 year olds should get at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity such as cycling or walking every week. Also recommended that individual carry out strength exercises on 2 or more days a week. 
      • 65 and over – at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity such as cycling or walking every week.
    • Benefits
      • Exercise prevents excessive weight gain and aids weight loss    
      • Exercise boots the immune system to help with health conditions and diseases
      • Improves mood and gives energy boost
      • Exercise can help you to naturally become tired, aiding sleep    
    • Benefits with mental health
      • It can reduce the symptoms of anxiety and physiological response to stressors. 
      • Exercise might be beneficial in alcoholism and substance abuse programs. Enacting physical exercise can also improve self-image, social skills, and cognitive functioning.
      • Effects of physical activity and exercise on schizophrenia, and other aspects of mental health are not known    
    • Issues
      • Exercise at a high level of intensity may actually worsen a person’s mood. (Salmon, 2001)
      • The level of competitiveness that the exercise involves may also have an impact on someone’s emotion    
      • Salmon’s findings suggest that the prevalence of depression among elite athletes is higher than originally thought. 


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