Self Reporting Techniques

Related to Stress

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  • Self Reporting Techniques
    • Questionnaire
      • Strength/Advantage
        • Can be standardised so that it is easy to replicate
        • Data can be collected from a large number of people relatively quickly & cheaply (e.g. 2,700 pps in Rahe's study)
        • Pps may be more willing to respond truthfully & accurately because questionnaires can be anonymous.
        • Questionnaires can gather either quantitative or qualitative data
      • Limitation/Disadvantage
        • Data may be inaccurate because answers may not be truthful due to social desirability effect (giving answers that make you look good)
        • Data may be inaccurate because of the use of leading questions
        • The sample may be biased only certain people will bother to fill in questionnaires
    • Interview (structured)
      • Strength/Advantage
        • Can be standardised so that it is easy to replicate & repeat
        • Data can be easier to analyse because answers can be categorised into qualitative data
      • Limitation/Disadvantage
        • Investigator/interviewer bias may influence pps responses
        • Data may be inaccurate because answers may not be truthful due to social desirability effect
        • Pps may be less willing to respond truthfully & accurately because interviews are not anonymous
    • Interview (unstructured)
      • Strength/Advantage
        • More detailed information can be gathered than in a structured interview because additional questions can be asked in response to previous answers.
        • Can provide more qualitative data
      • Limitations/Disadvantages
        • All negative points for structured interview apply even more here
        • Requires a greater skill in interviewing techniques

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