Psychological Investigations : Self-Report

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Self-report
    • Self report is a method of data collection in which participants themselves answer questions about their behaviour thoughts and feelings
    • Interviews
      • Structured
        • In a structured interview the interviewer has a predetermined list of questions which they stick to. Respondents are all asked the same questions in the same order
        • May limit interviewees responses so that full information is not recieved
          • Semi-structured
            • In a semi-structured interview the interviewer has a list of questions but the approach is flexible and can be shaped by the interviewees resonces
      • Unstructured
        • In an unstructured interview there is no predetermined structure to the interview, although the interviewer will normally have some goal or sense of direction in mind
        • Interviewer asks open-ended questions and answers by the interviewee simulate new questions
        • Allows collection of rich qualitative data
        • Makes it hard to compare responses of one interviewee to those of another
      • Semi-structured
        • In a semi-structured interview the interviewer has a list of questions but the approach is flexible and can be shaped by the interviewees resonces
    • Questionnaires
      • Types of question
        • Open questions are open ended and allow free rein in answering them
          • Enable respondents to answer as they choose and provide rich qualitative data
          • Make collection of quantitative data and statistical analysis difficult
        • Closed questions have a limited number of possible responses. They may require a simple yes or no, or they can require an answer from a range of possible answers
          • Enable the collection of quantitative data and therefore make statistical analysis possible
          • It may limit respondents choices so full information is not recieved
        • A rating scale is often used. They can consist of questions or statements that participants respond to on a scale.
        • If participants have to select answers from a range of possible responses, they are called forced-choice questions
      • Questionnaires are psychological tests such as personality tests and IQ tests
    • Strengths and weaknesses
      • It's a valuable method of investigating thoughts and feelings
      • It's a subjective method of data collection that is not subject to scientific scrutiny
      • They are usually standardised and easily produced, meaning it is easily replicated
      • It can be time consuming
      • It can provide quantitative data which can be statistically analysed
      • It's hard to tell if respondents are telling the truth or not in their responces
  • Self report is a method of data collection in which participants themselves answer questions about their behaviour thoughts and feelings
  • May limit interviewees responses so that full information is not recieved

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Psychology resources:

    See all Psychology resources »See all resources »