self disclosure mind map

  • Created by: aryan26
  • Created on: 04-02-19 11:46
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  • Self disclosure
    • self disclosure is the idea that relationships are build on trust which is demonstrated by gradually revealing personal information
      • central concept to the social penetration theory proposed by Altman and Taylor
    • Breadth and depth
      • at first people share a lot of info about certain aspects (depth)
      • Some personal information is off limits (breadth)
      • as they build trust in their partner's understanding both increase
      • depth: music tastes hobbies and interests          breadth: religious and political beliefs, family values
    • Research:
      • Has and Hartford: homosexual couples- 57% considered open self disclosure a main way to maintain close relationships
    • Evaluation:
      • Supported by research
      • Boom and bust: Cooper and Sportolari anonymity made them disclose personal information earlier- more intense 'boom'
        • The necessary trust foundation isn't established so the intensity cannot be sustained 'bust'
      • Support comes from correlational research so cause and effect cannot be established which reduces validity
      • Self disclosure has everyday applications- can be used to enhance romantic relationships
    • Issues and debates
      • Limited by taking a nomothetic approach- by claiming that high self disclosure leads to greater satisfaction
        • Ignores other factors such as cultural practices and personality
          • Reducing satisfaction down to a single factor it ignores other aspects such as attractiveness and complementarity to.
            • This suggests that it could benefit from taking an idiographic approach looking at unique experiences in detail
      • Based on western individualist culture- Tang et al. Men in the USA tended t disclose more sexual info than those in china
        • However relationship satisfaction was  high in both showing self disclosure is not a requirement. This means the approach is culturally biased

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