Self disclosure

  • Created by: Saf54
  • Created on: 28-02-19 19:49
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  • Attraction: self-disclosure
    • Self- disclosure
      • Relationship formation is built on trust with another person which is shown by revealing personal information.
        • Revealing thoughts and feelings leads to greater intimacy and more satisfaction.
      • Central concept is social penetration theory proposed by Altman and Taylor (1973)
        • Gradually revealing emotions and listening to reciprocal sharing, gains greater understanding and displays trust
      • There are two dimensions called breadth and depth.
        • Depth- At first people often share a lot of information about certain aspects of themselves
        • Breadth- Consider some topics “off limit”
        • Over time breadth and depth increases
    • Research
      • Sprecher and Hendrick (2004) studied heterosexual couples who were dating and found as self disclosure increases so does satisfaction.
        • Supported by more research by Laurenceau et al (2005)
          • Asked participants to write a daily entry about progress in their relationships.
            • Self disclosure and perception of disclosure in a partner led to greater feelings of intimacy in a couple.
    • Evaluation
      • Research support from Has and Hartford (1998)
        • 57% of gay men and women considered open self disclosure as a man way to maintain a relationship.
          • Shows the importance of self disclosure in romantic relationships,just as the theory predicted.
      • Importance of establishing trust before revealing more intimate info is supported by “boom and bust”
        • Cooper and Sportolari (1997) found that anonymity online gave people a sense of security.
          • Made them disclose info much earlier than they would face to face making it exciting (boom) or its too intense and leads to break up(bust)
    • Issues and debates
      • Takes a nomothetic approach by claiming high self disclosure lead to great relationship satisfaction.


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