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  • Created by: Chloe
  • Created on: 03-05-15 19:36
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  • Self
    • The nature of the self: self concept = the content of the self  (our knowledge about who we are) and self awareness = the act of thinking about ourselves
    • -Self recognition develops at approx 2years - With age rudimentry self concept is more complex -A child's self concept is concrete, with references to clear cut, easily observable characteristics like age, sex, neighborhood & hobbies
    • Cultural Differences in Defining the Self
      • Western: -Independant view of the self, focus on own internal thoughts, feelings & actions
      • Asian/ non-western: Interdependent view of the self - define themselves in terms of relationships with other people
    • Functions of the self: (1) An Organized Function: we use self schemas that act as lenses through which people view others (2) The Self-reference Effect: tendency for people to remember info better if they relate it to themselves (helps us organize info better & connect info)
    • Self Regulation : The executive function - The self regulates behavior, choices & future plans - We seem to be the only species that can imagine events that have not yet occurred & engage in long term planning
    • Focusing on the self: Self awareness theory - Can reduce self awareness through binge eating & drinking -Is not always damaging, focusing on yourself can be pleasant
      • Tom Wilson: Analyzing the reasons for our feelings can make matters worse e.g listing reasons why you like your partner makes you change your attitude towards them
    • Reason-Generated Attitude Change: attitude change resulting from thinking about the reasons for one's attitude
    • Ben (1972) Self Perception Theory: we observe our behavior & explain it to ourselves, we make an attribution about why we behaved that way
    • The Two Factor Theory Of Emotion (Schechter): (1) Experience physiological arousal (2) Seek appropriate explanation for it
      • Misattribution  of arousal: we may place the wrong emotion to the situation - Dutton & Aron(1974 Bridge study


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