Secularisation Part 1

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  • Secularisation
    • The process whereby religious beliefs, practices and institutions lose social significance
    • Causes
      • (Marx) production of communism, classless society
      • (Durkheim) decline of mechanical solidarity and increase of individualism
      • (Weber) World is becoming more rational and open to scientific thinking
    • UK church attendance declining, 6.8% adult population attend church
      • Religious participation in USA higher, 40% attend church
    • Religious Pluralism
      • In modern society there are many religions
      • Religion no longer central, personal choice
      • (Bruce) society is fragmented
    • Religious Diversity
      • Ethnic groups contradict secularisation theory
      • However this is because religion performs functions
        • Cultural Defence
        • Cultural Transition
      • Bruce


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