- Almond et al. argue that fundamentalism is caused by secularisation but also low levels of education and high levels of inequality, economic problems and war.
- Believe that religious beliefs have been watered down and therefore should return back to the original beliefs of the religion.
- Often return to the beliefs of an original text which their religion is based upon. They take these texts literally.
- Ironically, they make maximum use of technology
- They have a monopoly of truth - they believe that their religion is the 'right' one.
- Fundamentalist groups tend to emerge in response to social inequality or (perceived) social crisis
- Examples include the New Christian Right, who are a Protestant fundamentalist group in the USA
- Steve Bruce believes that fundamentalism is a result of secularisation. He claims that the decline of religion undermines traditional religious faith,