Secularization for and against

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  • SECULARIZATION
    • Evidence FOR secularization.
      • declining attendance of churches.
      • Brierley states that the decline in church goers makes the future of organised church institutions  worrying.
      • Davies states that the UK isn't guided by collective moral codes and community emphasis once promoted by the church
        • this individualism began at the beginning of the 20th century as before this the family was very committed to religion and communities were religion oriented.
          • LINK THIS  TO THE ENLIGHTENMENT EARLY 18TH CENTURY
      • Terry Sanderson said the church seemed to be loosing its 'core business' which is to baptize, marry and bury committed church go'ers
      • Byran Wilson, Bruce and Wallis state that secularization is a development rooted in modernity and there is three key processes; rationalization, disengagement and religious pluralism.
      • Desacrilization is the idea that the sacred has little or no meaning in the western contemporary society.
      • the disengagement or separation from the church from wider society, the church is not involved in important areas of social life, such as politics.
    • Evidence AGAINST secularization
      • rise in evangelical churches
      • increased attendance of new religious movements
      • Davie Believing without Belonging, people still do believe in church but they aren't actively going to church, this doesn't mean they don't believe in God and are secularized
      • rise in mosques, new mosques are being built.
      • the growth of immigrants populations is causing an increase in religiosity in regions of the UK such as Islam and Hinduism
      • Fundamentalist groups have stronger stricter traditions
      • the importance of religion hasn't declined but its form of expression may have changed (this links to NRM and NAM)

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