Sections of a report

  • Created by: Bethany
  • Created on: 15-08-19 15:16
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  • Sections of a report
    • 1.Title
      • Tells the reader what the report is about
      • Concise but informative
    • 2.Abstract
      • Brief summary of the key points
      • Includes a sentence on the research question, the method used, findings and conclusion.
      • First thing seen but the last to be written.
    • 3.Introduction
      • Background and rationale.
      • Review of relevant past studies to introduce the study and specify research aims and predictions.
      • Uses a funnel technique.
      • Ends with the hypothesis.
    • 4.Method
      • How the study was carried out in enough detail or someone to replicate it.
      • 5 sub-sections
        • Design
          • Outline the method used.
        • Participants
          • Information on the sample of participants.
        • Apparatus
          • The materials used to carry out the research.
        • Procedure
          • How the study was carried out, step by step.
        • Ethics
          • Plan to ensure all participants have an ethical experience.
    • 5.Results
      • Summarises the findings clearly and accurately.
      • Descriptive statistics.
        • Measures of central tendency and dispersion, shown in labelled tables and graphs.
      • Inferential statistics.
        • Reasons for selecting a particular statistical test and what it tests for
        • Analysis of whether the null hypothesis can be rejected or accepted.
    • 6.Discussion
      • Explains what the results mean and has several sections.
      • Explanation of findings
        • Key findings described that relate to the aims and hypotheses.
        • Explain what the findings show and why they occurred.
      • Relationship to background research
        • Presented in terms of previous findings shown in the introduction.
        • Outline aspects o the design that may account or differences.
      • Limitations and modifications
        • Outline and discuss possible sources of error.
        • Suggest ways of rectifying these results.
      • Implications and suggestions
        • Suggest further studies based on findings.
        • Outline any implications and applications of findings from the study
    • 7.References
      • Sources of information used in alphabetical order.
      • Provides evidence for the reader.
    • 8.Appendices
      • Detailed information not in the main body of the report.


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