Section 2: The Weimar Republic

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  • Section 2: The Weimar Republic
    • Initial troubles: 1919-1923
      • political threats to the Republic
        • Right Wing threats
          • Organisation consul
            • Responsible for at least 354 political murders
          • The Freikorps
          • Institutional bias
            • Judiciary
              • Hitler only sentenced to 5 years
              • Only 1 of 705 soldiers prosecuted for Kapp Putsch found guilty
          • The Kapp Putsch 1920
          • The Munich Putsch 1923
        • Left Wing threats
          • Spartacists
            • January 1919 Berlin upsrising
          • KPD
            • Usually polled around 10% in Reichstag elections
          • Bavaria
            • Creation of Soviet Republic 1919
          • Ruhr
            • Formation of Ruhr Army 1920
      • The Hyperinflation crisis 1923
        • Hit the middle classes the hardest
        • caused by the flood of new paper money on top of the general strike
        • New currency 'Rentenmark' replaced old Reichsmark
    • The Constitution
      • President
        • elected every 7 years
          • Power to appoint and dismiss chancellor.
            • Commanded the army
              • In an emergency could issue laws by decree (article 48)
      • Reichstag
        • Elected by all Germans over 20
          • Deputies elected by proportional representation
      • Chancellor
        • Had to have the confidence of the Reichstag
          • Proposed laws to the Riechstag
    • The Golden Years (24-28)
      • Characterised by growing economy and a decrease in civil unrest
      • Votes for extremist parties decreased
        • NSDAP only got 2.6% in 1928
      • Industrial production boomed
        • exports increased by 40% by 1928
        • Influx of foreign capital

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