Second Five Year Plan

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  • Second 5 Year Plan
    • INDUSTRY
      • Not as successful as the first FYP...targets were not met in coal and oil
      • Heavy Industry another main focus
      • Fear of exile, no one criticised plans or targets
      • Lying continued
      • Higher scarcity of resources
      • Broken machinery stayed unfixed which led to a fall in productivity
      • Steel production tripled due to Magnitogorsk
      • Incentive scheme was devised to boost productivity
    • Targets were more realistic as a reward for finishing the first plan ahead of schedule
      • Not as successful as the first FYP...targets were not met in coal and oil
    • PREPARING FOR WAR
      • Defence spending rose from 4% of government expenditure in 1933 to 17% in 1937
    • STANDARD OF LIVING
      • An effort was made to improve living conditions between 1934-36
        • Policy stopped in response to German rearmament
          • PREPARING FOR WAR
            • Defence spending rose from 4% of government expenditure in 1933 to 17% in 1937
      • Many new houses built during plan had no running water or sewerage
        • Not a single bath house for 650,000 people in Liubertsy District of Moscow
    • TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICA-TION LINKS
      • First lines of Moscow Metro completed in 1935
      • Moscow-Volga Canal completed between 1932-37
    • Peasant Support
      • Moderation of anti-Kulak policies were suggested
      • 1934- Peasants allowed small plots of land to farm privately
    • Shortages of essential items
      • 1931- Leather Shortage
        • Queues of 6,000 recorded outside shoe shops
      • High prices
      • Consumer goods were given up to produce military resource
        • Queues of 6,000 recorded outside shoe shops

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