Seafaring

  • Created by: Ruthfeath
  • Created on: 19-05-18 18:42
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  • Seafaring
    • Kas
      • Measured 15m long & 5m wide
      • Not certain where home port was or where it was headed
      • Majority of cargo was hundreds of copper oxhide ingots (10 tonnes) & 145 Canaanite storage jars
        • Contents of majority of storage jars have not survived - 130 jars seem to have contained terebinth resin used as part of Egyptian burial rites
      • Pottery vessels from Cyprus found in cargo - packed into larger pithoi for safe travelling
      • 1 tonne of tin ingots - used to produce copper
      • Other commodities in small quantities
        • Ingots
        • Scrap items of tin
        • Glass ingots
        • Pieces of trimmed elephant
        • Hippo tusks
        • Ostrich eggs
        • Egyptian ebony
      • Several precious trinkets found that might have belonged to the captain or wealthy passengers
        • Gold Nefertiti scarab seal
        • Gold chalice
        • Pendants with Near Eastern patterns
        • 2 cylinder seals
      • Old/damaged metal items - collected as scrap metal
      • Large numbers of stone & bronze balance weights - used for checking exchange value of items
      • Large quantities of pomegranate seed s & figs
      • Mycenaean & Syrian swords, other weapons & tools
      • Mycenaean vases, including jugs, drinking cups, oil lamps - probably for personal use
        • Unclear whether crew were Mycenaean, or just found these vessels useful
      • Pair of wooden tablets, well used with a mended hinge
      • Foodstuffs found were probably for personal consumption onboard
        • Barley
        • Wheat
        • Coriander
        • Cumin
      • Confirms familiar impression of coastal trading ship regularly loading & offloading different cargoes, investing in a range of commodities without a specific customer in mind
      • Copper was one of the most important imports to Greece
      • Trade in both luxury goods& essential raw materials from Egypt, Aegean, Cyprus, Syro-Palestine & Mesopotamia
      • Sank around 1315BC
      • Egyptian jewellery
        • Gold disk-shaped pendant
        • Gold falcon pendant
        • Gold goddess pendant
        • Faience beads
        • Rock crystal beads
        • Agate beads
        • Ostrich eggshell beads
        • Silver bracelets
        • Gold scrap
        • Accreted mass of tiny faience beads
        • Silver scrap
        • Gold chalice
    • Cape Gelidonya
      • Smaller ship sunk later than Kas (1225BC)
      • Around 9-10m long
      • Less cargo preserved than Kas - what remains suggests a different type of activity
      • Only small part of hull survives - most of ship & its contents have been swept away by strong currents
      • Bulk of cargo was ingots - 325 talents of copper
      • Range of goods found in Kas is missing
      • Number of scrap items of bronze, including agricultural tools such as hoes - rarely discovered in excavation on land - along with finished items
      • Personal items
        • Cylinder seal
        • Weights
        • Traces of food
          • Fish bones
          • Olive pits
      • May have had a more specialised role, moving from port to port with raw materials for bronze working, exchanging new finished items for scrap & other commodities
      • Perhaps set up a workshop from time to time - cargo included anvil used in workshops
      • Model boats
      • Untitled
    • Pont Iria
      • Cypriot merchant ship sank off Pont Iria, in gulf of Argos around 1200BC
      • Limited but mixed cargo of large Cypriot, Cretan & Mycenaean transport vessels
      • Cypriot pithoi
      • Minoan coarse-ware stirrup jars
      • Mycenaean large two-handled jars

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