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  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 03-11-13 15:32
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  • Scizophrenia
    • 5 Types
      • Catatonic
        • severe motor abnormalities - rigid posture
      • Undifferentiated
        • mixture of symptoms
      • Paranoid
        • motor alert, delusion, hallucinations
      • DIsorganised
        • Dis-organised speech thought and behaviour
      • Residual
        • Social withdraw, symptoms after
    • Symptoms
      • Positive
        • something added to normal behaviour
        • Delusions
        • Hallucinations
      • Negative
        • Something missing from everyday life
        • Avolition - loss of energy and interest
        • Flat emotional effect - lack of emotional responses and eye contact.
      • Secondary
        • suffered as a result of living with schizophrenia and the difficulties
    • Diagnosis
      • Must have experiences at least 2 symptoms for a month
      • Explanations
        • Biological
          • Genetics
            • Gottesman: Mz and Dz twin, 17% and 48%
          • Abnormal brain structures
            • Areas of enlarged ventricles show negative symptoms
          • Biochemicals
            • Dopamine Hypothesis
            • An increase in synaptic transmission increases positive symptoms
        • Psychodynamic
          • Sz develops as a result of conflict between the personalities.
          • The ego is overwelmed with the Id so regresses back to infancy
          • Hallucinations and delusions occur as they find it had to make sense
        • Sociocultrual
          • Labelling
            • When someone is labelled as scizophrenic is influences their behaviour in the future - self fuffiling prophecy
              • Both their image of themself and others will change
            • Rosenham
              • The label ‘schizophrenia’ meant that normal behavio in hospital was seen as abnormal or disturbed.  
          • Family dysfunction
            • Stress factors for developing schizophrenia may arise from relationships and patterns of communication within a family
            • Parents of schizophrenics often show three dysfunctional characteristics
              • High interpersonal conflict
              • communication difficulties


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