APPRAOCH ETHNOCENTRIC

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  • Science Debate & Ethnocentrism
    • Ethnocentrism?
    • +
      • + Results  specific, study representive of how people from a specific culture behaves
    • Scientific
      • Undeniable fact. Kuhn says for a subject to be scientific it needs:
        • Terminology
    • -
  • Research & theories on Western  sociesties
  • Debate?
    • Science Debate & Ethnocentrism
      • Ethnocentrism?
      • +
        • + Results  specific, study representive of how people from a specific culture behaves
      • Scientific
        • Undeniable fact. Kuhn says for a subject to be scientific it needs:
          • Terminology
      • -
  • -Unrepresentive of how all  humans behaves. Focus on western culture sample. .
    • Bad others (Chinese/African) impied to the same  but its untested.
      • Findings not useful to everyday life in non western cultures
  • Can be used to improve peoples behaviour in the specific culture. Useful to everyday life for Western cultures
    • Unified assumption
      • Changes when more info  is avialable to make it more accurate
    • Valid & reliable measurement methods
      • Knowledge objective fact til evidence collected scientifically disproves it
        • Reilability
          • Valid & reliable measurement methods
          • Study findings to be the sameif everything replicated exactly.
            • Reilability
            • Falsifiable:
              • Can be proven worng
                • Karl Popper should be falsifiable as well as give evidence for assumption.
            • Psyc science?
              • Kuhn: psyc pre-science
                • Psyc science?
                • Methods not using exp used
                  • No
                    • Not all methods controlled
                    • Some ask for opinions
                    • Not everything is completely controlled
                • Focus on one specific ethnicity
                  • Research & theories on Western  sociesties
                • Not a unified  assumption that all researchers agree on. Focus on their approach not assumptions of other equally valid approaches.
                  • No
                    • Not all methods controlled
                    • Some ask for opinions
                    • Not everything is completely controlled
                • Significant amount of research use scientific method to measure behaviour
                • E.g. experiments, controlled obs
                  • Significant amount of research use scientific method to measure behaviour
                • Assumptions need to have specific hypothesis, reliable method and findings can be falsifiable.
                  • Hypothesis: clear what is causing the measured behaviour so variable affecting it can be removed. No hypothesis = inaccurate measure of study.
                • Hypothesis: clear what is causing the measured behaviour so variable affecting it can be removed. No hypothesis = inaccurate measure of study.
                • most ethnocentric research assumes non-western people behave the same as western people
                  • Evidence of human behaviour can't disprove theory all behave the same. Study is not nothometic (no measurement of humans other cultures)
                    • most ethnocentric research assumes non-western people behave the same as western people
                    • Promoting cultural racism: western cultures superior to non-western, at best the ethnocentric approach means psych ungeneralizable to every human being
                      • Ethnocentric approach psych takes unreflective of non-western cultures
                        • Debate?
                      • western cultures superior to non-western, at best the ethnocentric approach means psych ungeneralizable to every human being
                        • Promoting cultural racism: western cultures superior to non-western, at best the ethnocentric approach means psych ungeneralizable to every human being
                          • Ethnocentric approach psych takes unreflective of non-western cultures
                        • if psych does research in west societies  is research generalizable to different cultural  societies?

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