Schizophrenia

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  • SCHIZOPHRENIA
    • What is it?
      • Complex mental illness
      • Difficulties in thought processes
      • Leads to psychotic symptoms
        • Hallucinations
          • seeing/hearing something that is not there
        • Delusions
          • incorrect belief based on misinterpretation of perception
          • Grandoise delusions are seen as important to someone
        • Disordered thinking
        • Unusual speech or behaviour
      • Discrepancy between thinking and feeling
      • Most common psychiatric disorder
        • 3 per 1000 in the UK
    • What happens?
      • Often starts suddenly and catastrophically
        • Acute Schizophrenia
        • May go onto produce a chronic, ongoing illness
      • Nearly 80% of those who have had a first episode will recover
        • 70% will have a second episode within 5-7 years
      • Happens differently for each person
      • Usually involves a dramatic disturbance in either thoughts or feelings
      • First signs develop in adolescence
        • Socially withdrawn
        • Changes in sleeping patterns
    • Symptoms
      • Delusions
        • Incorrect belief based on misinterpretation of perception
      • Hallucinations
        • Visual or auditory
      • Incoherence
        • Don't make sense
      • Catatonic (not moving) or hyperactive
      • Flat affect
      • Drifting between ideas
      • Lack of hygiene and thouights about appearance
    • Treatment
      • Anti-psychotic drug
        • Tablet or injection
        • Stops hallucinations
        • Makes you think clearly
        • Makes you put on weight
        • Tiredness
        • Gives you the shakes
      • Avoiding drugs and alcohol
      • Regular reviews with doctor
      • Counselling / support groups
      • Self-care
        • Maintaining physical and mental health
    • Causes
      • Genetics
      • Drugs
        • alter levels of neurotransmitters in brain
      • Brain development
        • different structures and small changes in brain cells
      • Head injury as a child
      • Mother bleeding during pregnancy
      • Abnormal child
      • Mother having viruses during pregnancy
    • Impacts
      • Physical
        • Lack of energy
        • Risk of suicide
        • Self-harming
      • Intellectual
        • Confusion
        • Unable to concentrate at work/school
        • Family has to learn how to care for them
      • Emotional
        • Stress
        • Denial
        • Fear
        • Embarrassment
        • Hostile
        • Uncertainty
        • Concerned
      • Social
        • Withdrawn
        • Lack of trust
        • Lack of social support and stigma
        • Partners/family become more like nurses
      • Financial
        • Unable to concentrate at work
        • Time off due to symptoms or treatment

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