Schizophronia

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  • schizophrenia
    • symptoms
      • positive
        • hallucinations
        • dellusions
      • negative
        • loss of emotions
    • subtype
      • catatonic
      • undifferential
    • diagnosis
      • DSM
        • more must develop after 6 months
      • 2 or more after 1 month
    • biological explanation
      • genetics
        • not 100% concordance in mz twins
        • Heston investigated children who had schizophrenic paarents but were adopted and found genetics do play a pert
      • biochemical
        • excess dopamine
          • lindstroem- PET scans, used a radioactive substance used when producing dopamine. schizophrenic patients used more
    • socio-cultural
      • family disfunctions
        • high expressed emotions
          • butzlaff & hooley- 20 studies found 70% relapsed in High expressed emotion families compared with 30% in low expressed emotion families
      • labelling
        • Rosenhans study
        • just a label to categorise those who do not conform and schizophrenia doesnt exist
    • treatment
      • drugs
        • conventional
          • reduce positive symptoms
          • symptoms are similar to parkinsons
        • atypical
          • reduce positive and negative symptoms
          • side effects: weight gain, nausea
      • therapy
        • cognitive
        • coping strategy
        • psychotherapy
        • family

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