S&P L10-11 (JAKARTA)

  • Created by: Hadley023
  • Created on: 18-03-19 12:37
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  • Jembatan Besi, Jakarta, Indonesia
    • Background
      • Over 25% of inhabitants live in slum settlements.
      • Capital city of Indonesia. Population 256 million people, 10 million people in Jakarta.
      • Population consists of families who have lived there for generations and migrants who only stay a few months.
      • Poorest 10% have access to 3.4% household income.
      • Developed organically over the past 40 years.
    • Employment
      • Demand for suitable housing outstrips supply, government and private sector do not have the resources to cope.
      • Much self employment with families running their own businesses such as selling food or second hand goods.
      • Workers have little protection and few health and safety rules exist.
      • A significant garment industry with many operating out of slum areas.
      • Average income of $4 per day, but this is not a regular income. Most residents only able to offer unskilled casual labour.
    • Health
      • No sanitation, few homes have a toilet. What toilets there are are badly built and run for profit.
      • Groundwater supply's are contaminated as Jembatan is built on a former waste tip.
      • Nutrition dominated by rice with little fruit and veg and protein.
      • Toilets tend to flush out into open sewers in the street.
      • Air pollution is high.
      • Cholera, typhoid, malaria and hepatitis A.
    • Education
      • There are schools, but they are poorly equipped.
      • Too often families cannot allow children to complete formal education as children need to earn money to support family income.
      • The garment industry is a major source of employment for many young families.
    • Housing
      • Most densely populated places in Indonesia.
      • Narrow alleys mean houses have little natural light so they are lit by neon tubes and bare light bulbs, increasing fire risk.
      • Fire is a constant risk from kerosene cooking and poor electrical wiring.
      • Most homes have relatively well built floors of timber and brick. This represents the original house but as pressures in space have grown, extra stories have been added.
    • The future?
      • Slum clearance has led to people relocating to other slum areas.
      • Authorities are trying to make inroads into the worst areas but planning is difficult or non-existant.
      • There is a strong sense of community in the slums.
      • Inhabitants are resilient and make ends meet.
      • Inequalities are stark.

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