RE EXAM 2: Sanctity of life: Christianity

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  • Sanctity of life: Christianity
    • Morality
      • What helps them make a decision:
        • Scripture
        • Religious leaders and their teachings
        • Personal conscience
        • Reason
      • Absolute morality
        • You have faith that there is a right course of action
      • Relative morality
        • You believe that different courses are needed for different situations.
    • Contraception
      • Roman Catholic
        • Contraception is against natural law.
        • The only contraception allowed is the rhythm method.
      • Protestant
        • Contraception withing marriage is nows seen as a responsible way of family planning. It allows sex t be enjoyed without the fear of unwanted pregnancy.
    • Abortion
      • Life is a sacred gift from god
        • 'Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule
      • Early teachings condemn abortion
        • You shall not kill by abortion the fruit of the womb.
      • Roman Catholics oppose it however if life saving treatment given to a pregnant woman results in the unavoidable loss of a foetus, but saves the mother, then this is accepted and known as 'double effect'.
      • Church of England believe that although abortion should not be encouraged, the life of the unborn child cannot be seen as more important than that of the mother.
      • Pro-life
        • argues that life becomes human life at the point of conception. It says that abortion should not be allowed, but some would allow an abortion if the mother's life was at risk or if pregnancy resulted from rape.
      • Pro-choice
        • argues that human life begins much later in pregnancy, or at birth. Women should have full control over their bodies.
    • Drugs
      • The physical body is the natural home of the soul, and is therefore precious and sacred.
        • Your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit.
        • Christians do not approve of the taking of illegal drugs, also most recreational drugs especially those which can alter the mind and make people incapable of praying or being alert to God.
      • Christians will take prescription drugs when appropriate.
      • Alcohol
        • Alcohol is permitted by most Christians and, of course, is normally used for the celebration of the Eucharist:
          • after supper he took the cup, saying, 'This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.
          • some Christians do not permit the use of alcohol at the Eucharist and instead use unfermented grape juice.
      • Tobacco
        • Tobacco is not condemned by the churches but many Christians are concerned about the effect which it can have on people’s health, and many Christians would make a positive decision not to smoke.
    • Euthnasia
      • Voluntary
        • The person concerned asks someone to help them die
      • Involuntary
        • Euthanasia is carried out without the patient’s consent
      • Assisted suicide
      • Christian Attitudes
        • Christianity teaches that all life comes from God
          • Then God said, 'Let us make man in our image
        • The bible teaches that life is sacred
          • Your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit.
          • Christians believe that it would be wrong to take life:You shall not murder.
        • In the Bible it's clear that human beings are not meant to choose when they die:
          • For everything there is a season, and a time for every matter under heaven: a time to be born, and a time to die
      • Responding to suffering
        • Roman Catholic Church is opposed to euthanasia as murder.
        • used to help ease a person’s suffering, and as a result of these the person ultimately dies, this is understood as ‘double effect’.
        • The Church of England holds strong arguments that people should not be kept alive when they are suffering intolerable pain".

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