Samuel and Bryant core study

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  • Created by: Bryony
  • Created on: 28-04-14 11:08
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  • Samuel and Bryant Core Study
    • Conservation
      • The understanding that when a shape cahanges the mas/voume/number does not change
    • Results
      • 5 years olds
        • the control condition was the condition where the most errors were made (9)
        • The one question condition was where the least errors were made (7)
      • 6 year olds
        • The control condition and the standard condition were equally hard (6)
        • The one question condition was the easiest (4)
      • 7 year olds
        • the control condition had the highest errors (5)
        • One qustion and standard contion had 3 errors
      • 8 year olds
        • control condition had 3 mean errors
        • Standard condition had 2 mean errors
        • the one question condition had 1 mean error
    • Design
      • Independent groups design
    • Sample
      • Devon, England
      • 252 boys and girls aged between 5 nad 8  1/2 years
      • divided into four mean gae groups
    • Aim
      • To investigate whether children under the age of 7 or 8 years are able to ubnderstand the principle conservation
    • Procedure
      • Condition 1: Standard condtion
        • Asked two questions pre-tranformation and post-transformation
      • Condition 2: one question condition
        • Asked one question post-transformation
      • Condition 3: control condition
        • Didn't see the transformation
        • to check whether the children could detect a  difference in the post-transormation display effect without having seen the pre-transformation stage
    • Conclusion
      • The standard condition
        • the repetition of the same question may make the children think that they must change their answer
        • The children must have been using their knowledgeof conservation when they solved the one question task
        • Children may possess certain cognitive abilities but may not display these when questioned in a certain way


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